LEZ - Logistica Emissioni Zero
LEZ – LOGISTICA EMISSIONI ZERO wants to test/implement a new zero-emission distribution logistics model, with a break-even energy balance and economic savings prospects, capable of distributing consumer goods and various commodities within large metropolitan areas and Limited Traffic zones of Rome, Trento and Catania through the integrated use of renewable energy sources and innovative technologies, specifically integrating HUBs an TPs (HUB – large sized logistics facility receiving goods from point of origin, sorting and forwarding to TPs. TP, Transit Point – small sized logistics platform, receiving goods from HUB and performing local pick-up and delivery) with solar generated power supply, fast charging towers, new electrical vehicles for urban transport and innovative automated systems for warehousing activities.
LEZ for its operation and for the achievement of the maximum level of efficiency of the experimental model needs to integrate different technologies and IT systems:
- HUBs and Transit Points powered byphotovoltaic solar energy panels;
- electric vehicles to perform deliveries– 3,5t payload /60 kWh and 7,5 t payload/ 80 kWh);
- energy towers for quick recharge of the new electric vehicles;
- switching stations for quick change of electric vehicles battery pack;
- hybrid diesel fuel/methane vehicles for primary haulage; innovative and modular automation systems for handling/picking activities;
- innovative and modular automation systems for handling/picking activities;automatic identification systems like: RFID, VoiceREC, Bar-code, etc.;
- dashboard for the integrated « smart hubs and tps » (hw+sw integration systems);
- preparation for the use of «new» intermodal devices (Metronet);
- new geo-localisation systems in alternative to GPS (to be defined).
The strategic aims of the LEZ model/project are:
1. To render repeatable/reproducible a new model within the distribution logistics sector in an eco-sustainable manner capable of increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the management of last mile distribution;
2. To promote and favour the birth and development, at national and international level, of solar “green” public and private logistics companies;
3. To certify/validate the model as the best distributions logistics solution within the environmental and eco-sustainable field;
4. To introduce innovative technologies useful to increase the electric vehicles autonomy, reduce HUB/TP and battery recharging system absorption (increase of vehicles range by +10÷20%, reduce HUB/TP absorption by 10÷20%);
5. To reduce emissions of air pollutants by reducing: the number of internal combustion vehicles operating in metropolitan, urban and LTZ areas and reducing the average distance of transport.
6. To reduce the handling costs per package by 20%;
7. To reach a BEP (break-even point) < 5 years for the integrated model.
8. To achieve management costs savings, compared to the “traditional model” distribution logistics of:
Warehousing activities -15%
Integrated model -15-20%
Three areas have been chosen for experimentation: Rome, Trento and Catania. These three cities, can be considered as representative samples for national logistics distribution models; Rome as a complex metropolis with a complex Limited Traffic Zone; Catania as a moderately complex urban and Limited Traffic Zone area and, finally, Trento as a relatively easy-to-serve small city and a Limited Traffic Zone.
The industrial model adopted in the LEZ project is a fundamentally simple one and comprises 3 main principles:
- The Logistics Operator implements the solution, providing handling and distribution service in the chosen experimental geographical area (Rome, Trento, Catania);
- The Retailer provides the goods flows;
- The Equipment and Organisation Models which can be reproduced and in other areas (national and international).